Facts & Info.

What is happening in Vietnam now?

Vietnamese Holidays 2016 - 2020

Ngày lễ Năm ÂLBính Thân
2016
Đinh Dậu
2017
Mậu Tuất
2018
Kỷ Hợi
2019
Canh Tý
2020
Tết Nguyên Đán8/2/201628/01/201716/02/20185/2/201925/01/2020
Rằm tháng Giêng22/02/201611/2/20172/3/201819/02/20198/2/2020
Giỗ Tổ Hùng Vương (10/3 ÂL)16/04/20166/4/201725/04/201814/04/20192/4/2020
Phật Đản (15/4 ÂL)21/05/201610/5/201729/05/201819/05/20197/5/2020
Lễ Đoan Ngọ (5/5 ÂL)9/6/201630/05/201718/06/20187/6/201925/06/2020
Vu Lan (15/7 ÂL)17/08/20165/9/201725/08/201815/08/20192/9/2020
Tết Trung Thu (Rằm tháng 8)15/09/20164/10/201724/09/201813/09/20191/10/2020
Ông Táo chầu trời (23/12 ÂL)20/01/20178/2/201828/01/201917/01/20204/2/2021


Area
 • Total332,698 km2 (65th)
128,565 sq mi
 • Water (%)6.4
Population
 • 2015 estimate91,700,000 (14th)
 • Density276.03/km2 (46th)
714.9/sq mi
Time zone UTC+7 
(Phone) Country code +84
Internet TLD .vn 
Currency: Dong (VND) (1 USD is about 22000 VND) 
Capital: Hanoi
Official language: Vietnamese 
Drives on the right
CapitalHanoi
21°2′N 105°51′E
Largest cityHo Chi Minh City
Official languagesVietnamese
Official scriptsVietnamese
Ethnic groups
DemonymVietnamese

 Motto: Doc lap-Tu do-Hanh phuc ="Independence - Freedom - Happiness" 

Anthem: Tien Quan Ca ="Army March" 
Government: Socialist republic, single-party communist state 

Vietnamese Lunar Calendar



History

  1. Prehistory and ancient history: the existence of humans in what is now Vietnam as early as the Paleolithic age. Homo erectus fossils dating to around 500,000 BC have been found in caves in Lạng Sơn and Nghệ An provinces in northern Vietnam. 
  2. 2879-258 BC : Hong Bang Period/Dynasty Dynastic Vietnam: Hùng kings is considered the first Vietnamese state, known in Vietnamese as Văn Lang
  3. By about 1000 BC, the development of wet-rice cultivation and bronze casting in the Ma River and Red River floodplains led to the flourishing of the Đông Sơn culture, notable for its elaborate bronze drums
  4. In 257 BC, the last Hùng king was defeated by Thục Phán, who consolidated the Lạc Việt and Âu Việt tribes to form the Âu Lạc, proclaiming himself An Dương Vương
  5. In 207 BC, a Chinese general named Zhao Tuo defeated An Dương Vương and consolidated Âu Lạc into Nanyue.
  6. 111 BC after the Han–Nanyue War (Nanyue was itself incorporated into the empire of the Chinese Han dynasty) 
  7. thousand years under Chinese rule
  8. the Trưng Sisters and Lady Triệu 
  9. between AD 544 and 602 Vạn Xuân under the Anterior Lý dynasty 
  10. By the early 10th century, Vietnam had gained autonomy, but not sovereignty, under the Khúc family
  11. In AD 938, the Vietnamese lord Ngô Quyền defeated the forces of the Chinese Southern Han state at Bạch Đằng River and achieved full independence for Vietnam. Renamed as Đại Việt (Great Viet)
  12. the Lý and Trần dynasties. Đại Việt repelled three Mongol invasionsBuddhism flourished and became the state religion.
  13. 1406–7 Ming–Hồ War which overthrew the Hồ dynasty, Vietnamese independence was briefly interrupted by the Chinese Ming dynasty, but was restored by Lê Lợi, the founder of the Lê dynastyEmperor Lê Thánh Tông (1460–1497)
  14. 11th and 18th centuries, Vietnam expanded southward in a process known as nam tiến ("southward expansion"),[27] eventually conquering the kingdom of Champa and part of the Khmer Empire.[28][29]
  15. From the 16th century onwards, civil strife and frequent political infighting engulfed much of Vietnam. First, the Chinese-supported Mạc dynasty challenged the Lê dynasty's power. After the Mạc dynasty was defeated, the Lê dynasty was nominally reinstalled, but actual power was divided between the northern Trịnh lords and the southern Nguyễn lords, who engaged in a civil war for more than four decades before a truce was called in the 1670s. During this time, the Nguyễn expanded southern Vietnam into the Mekong Delta, annexing the Central Highlands and the Khmer lands in the Mekong Delta.
  16. a century later when the Tây Sơn brothers established a new dynasty. However, their rule did not last long, and they were defeated by the remnants of the Nguyễn lords, led by Nguyễn Ánh and aided by the French.[30]Nguyễn Ánh unified Vietnam, and established the Nguyễn dynasty, ruling under the name Gia Long.
  17. 1862–1945: French Indochina
  18. 1946–54: First Indochina War
  19. 1954–1975: Vietnam War
  20. 1976–1979: reunification and reforms
  21. 1979- North Vietnam war (with China)
  22. present
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